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Independent Left (France)

The Independent Left was a French parliamentary group in the Chamber of Deputies of France of the French Third Republic during the interwar period. It was not a political party but a technical group formed by independents and parties too small to ...

                                               

Radical Left (France)

The Independent Radicals were a right-of-centre French political current during the French Third Republic. It was slightly to the right of the more famous Radical-Socialist Party, and shared many doctrinal features in common. The prominent politi ...

                                               

Independent Republicans Group (French Senate)

                                               

Independent Socialists (France)

The Independent Socialists were a French political movement and, at times, parliamentary group in the Chamber of Deputies of France during the French Third Republic. The movement was strong from 1880 till the fall of the Republic in 1940. At firs ...

                                               

Independents of Economic, Social and Peasant Action

The Independents of Economic, Social and Peasant Action was a small French parliamentary technical group in the Chamber of Deputies of France during the French Third Republic in existence in 1932 and 1936. It was a small conservative agrarian gro ...

                                               

Independents of Popular Action

                                               

Independents of the Left

The Independents of the Left was a French parliamentary technical group in the Chamber of Deputies of France during the French Third Republic. The group was formed by centre-right independents and members of political parties too small to form th ...

                                               

Progress and Modern Democracy

Progress and Modern Democracy was a French centrist political group of the National Assembly elected in 1968 after the May 1968 crisis. It was composed of the Christian democrat deputies belonging to the Democratic Centre and the conservatives of ...

                                               

Radical Left (France)

                                               

Radical, Republican, Democratic and Progressive

The Radical, republicain, democrate et progressiste is a French parliamentary group formed on June 26, 2012. It brought together the Radical Party of the Left and some of the various Deputies from more minor left wing parties, or independents. Ro ...

                                               

Republican and Social Action

The Republican and Social Action was a French parliamentary group in the Chamber of Deputies of France during the French Third Republic between 1919 and 1924 founded by 46 members of the centre-right Democratic Republican Alliance.

                                               

Republican Independents

The Independents and later Republican Independents was a right-wing parliamentary group in the Chamber of Deputies during the French Third Republic between 1928 and 1940. The IR was usually considered the parliamentary group on the furthest-right ...

                                               

Independents of Popular Action

The Republicans of the Centre and the Independents of Popular Action were the names given to a parliamentary group in the French Chamber of Deputies of the French Third Republic, composed mainly of Catholic regionalists from Alsatian and Lorraine ...

                                               

Anspessade

An anspessade, or lanspessade, is a kind of French police officer that has been used in the foot soldiers, below the corporals, and yet above the common sentinels, between the 16th and 17th centuries. There are usually four or five in each compan ...

                                               

Chief of Staff of the French Army

The Chief of Staff of the French Army is the head of the French Army and is responsible to the Minister of the Armed Forces in relation to preparation and deployment. They are a subordinate of the Chief of the Defense Staff and their deputy is th ...

                                               

Conseil superieur de la guerre

The Conseil superieur de la guerre was the highest military body in France under the Third Republic. It was under the presidency of the Minister of War, although vice presidents presided in his absence and took care of day-to-day activities. On 5 ...

                                               

FELIN

FELIN is the name for the French infantry combat system developed by Safran Electronics & Defense. It combines a modified FAMAS rifle with a host of other electronics, clothing, pouches, and body armour. The helmet is an integral SPECTRA helmet f ...

                                               

French Army in World War I

This article is about the French Army in World War I. During World War I, France was one of the Triple Entente powers allied against the Central Powers. Although fighting occurred worldwide, the bulk of the fighting in Europe occurred in Belgium, ...

                                               

Garde Mobile

The Garde mobile was intended to be the body which would in effect conscript all who had been able to avoid military service. The Garde would also take in all conscripts on completion of their army service. Napoleon III took up the idea and annou ...

                                               

Gardes Françaises

The French Guards were an infantry regiment of the Military Household of the King of France under the Ancien Regime. The French Guards, who were located in Paris, played a major part in the French Revolution as most of the guardsmen defected to t ...

                                               

Grand Quartier General

The Grand Quartier General was the French Armys high command during times of war. There were two separate instances: Grand Quartier General 1914–1919 during the First World War Grand Quartier General 1939–1940 during the Second World War In addit ...

                                               

List of Chasseurs Alpins

Emile Paganon Jean Vallette dOsia Maurice Gamelin Jacques Faure Nicolas Le Nen Yves Godard Andre Lalande Philippe Petain Marcel Pourchier Bernard Saint-Hillier

                                               

Social background of officers and other ranks in the French Army, 1750–1815

Social background of officers and other ranks in the French Army, 1750–1815 discusses career paths and social stratification in the French Army from the mid-eighteenth century to the end of the Napoleonic wars. The Royal army during the Ancien re ...

                                               

Structure of the French Army

The structure of the French Army is fixed by Chapter 2 of Title II of Book II of the Third Part of the Code of Defense, notably resulting in the codification of Decree 2000-559 of 21 June 2000.

                                               

Brest Maritime Works Directorate

The Brest Maritime Works Directorate was the name of one of the decentralised directorates within Frances SID. It is based at Brest and it oversees the expansion and maintenance of the French Navys military infrastructure in Brests military port ...

                                               

Brest Naval Training Centre

The Brest Naval Training Centre is one of the main training centres for the French Navy. Housed in the Brest naval base, the CIN is made up of the lycee naval, the Ecole de maistrance and the seamens training school.

                                               

Ecole de maistrance

The Ecole de maistrance is the training school for future non-commissioned officers in the French Navy. It was set up in 1933 under this name, it is now part of the Brest Naval Training Centre and within the remit of the Direction du personnel mi ...

                                               

Escorteur

The French term Escorteur appeared during the Second World War to designate a warship, of a medium or light displacement, whose mission was to protect ocean convoys and naval squadrons from attacks by submarines. This role was in general handled ...

                                               

Hotel de la Marine

The hotel de la Marine is a historic building on place de la Concorde in Paris, to the east of rue Royale. It was built between 1757 and 1774 on what was then known as place Louis XV, with a façade by Ange-Jacques Gabriel, First Architect to the ...

                                               

List of escorteurs of the French Navy

The escorteurs of the French Navy were light naval warships used for convoy protection during and after the Second World War. The earliest escorteurs in the French Navy were purchased from the British Royal Navy and the United States Navy. After ...

                                               

List of submarines of France

The submarines of France include nuclear attack submarines and nuclear ballistic missile submarines of various classes, operated by the French Navy as part of the French Submarine Forces. Each French Navy vessel, including French submarines have ...

                                               

Lycee naval

The lycee naval of Brest, created in 1966 as "college naval", is one of Frances six military high school under custody of the French ministry of Defense. This school is part of the Naval Instruction Center of Brest and has two missions: to help t ...

                                               

French air defence radar systems

The French air defence organisation is integrated in the military Armee de l’Air, the French Air Force. The defence of the French national airspace has always been based on 2 main aspects: the peacetime security of the French airspace. This assig ...

                                               

History of the Armee de lAir in the colonies (1939–1962)

The outbreak of the war in Europe in September 1939 did not immediately affect the status of the Armee de lAir in French Indochina because it had the task of defending a wide area of Southeast Asia, including the future Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam ...

                                               

Nieuport

Nieuport, later Nieuport-Delage, was a French aeroplane company that primarily built racing aircraft before World War I and fighter aircraft during World War I and between the wars.

                                               

Patrouille de France

The Patrouille Acrobatique de France, also known as the Patrouille de France, is the precision aerobatics demonstration unit of the French Air Force, officially commissioned in 1953. Using the French Aerial Aerobatics French: Voltige Aerienne Fra ...

                                               

Vichy French Air Force

The Vichy French Air Force was the aerial branch of the armed forces of Vichy France - the government of France that collaborated with the Axis powers following the defeat of France by Germany in 1940. The Vichy French Air Force existed between D ...

                                               

Neo (french law enforcement agencies mobile terminals)

NEO is a project aimed to provide French police officers and gendarmes with mobile terminals with a secure broadband connection. It is based on a version of Android developed by the national agency of the security of the information systems with ...

                                               

Air Transport Gendarmerie

The Air Transport Gendarmerie is a branch of the French Gendarmerie placed under the dual supervision of the Gendarmerie and the Direction of Civilian Aviation of the Transportation Ministry. It has a strength of about 1.100 and is commanded by a ...

                                               

Departmental Gendarmerie

The Departmental Gendarmerie is the territorial police branch of the French National Gendarmerie. The Departmental Gendarmerie has regular contact with the population and conducts local policing functions throughout the French territory. The Depa ...

                                               

GIGN

GIGN is the elite police tactical unit of the French National Gendarmerie. Its missions include counter-terrorism, hostage rescue, surveillance of national threats, protection of government officials, and targeting organized crime. GIGN was estab ...

                                               

Mobile Gendarmerie

The Mobile Gendarmerie is a subdivision of the French National Gendarmerie whose main mission is to maintain public order and general security. Contrary to the Departmental Gendarmerie, whose jurisdiction is limited to specific parts of the terri ...

                                               

Parachute Intervention Squadron of the National Gendarmerie

The Parachute Intervention Squadron of the National Gendarmerie was the parachute-trained intervention squadron of the French Gendarmerie. The unit was formed in 1984 with personnel from EPGM, a one-of-a-kind parachute squadron that had been crea ...

                                               

Fiche S

In France, a fiche is an indicator used by law enforcement to flag an individual considered to be a serious threat to national security. The S stands for Sûrete de lEtat. It is the highest level of such a warning in France; it allows surveillance ...

                                               

Bordeaux-Aeronautique

Bordeaux Aeronautique was a French aeronautic company founded on 17 March 1939, by Marcel Bloch, Andre Curvale, Henri Deplante and Claude de Cambronne.

                                               

Hotchkiss et Cie

Societe Anonyme des Anciens Etablissements Hotchkiss et Cie was a French arms and, in the 20th century, automobile manufacturer first established by United States gunsmith Benjamin B. Hotchkiss. He moved to France and set up a factory, first at V ...

                                               

Manufacture darmes de Saint-Etienne

The Manufacture dArmes de Saint-Etienne, often abbreviated to MAS was a French state-owned weapons manufacturer in the town of Saint-Etienne, Loire. Founded in 1764, it was merged into the French state-owned defense conglomerate GIAT Industries i ...

                                               

Matra

Mecanique Aviation Traction or Matra was a French conglomerate. During its years of operation, it was engaged a wide range of activities, primarily focused around automobiles, bicycles, aeronautics and weaponry. Following the acquisition of vehic ...

                                               

Naval Group

The Naval Group is a global and major French defense contractor and an industrial group that specialized in naval-based defense platform and the marine renewable energy. The group employs next to 13.000 people in 18 countries. The company is owne ...

                                               

Nexeya

Nexeya is a French company specialising in the design and development of electronic equipment for the aeronautics, defence, energy, rail, and aerospace sectors. With more than 800 employees, its primary establishments are located in Toulouse, Mas ...

Encyclopedic dictionary

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Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

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