ⓘ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 246



                                               

Hajduk (Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth)

The word hajduk entered the Polish language from Hungarian in the late 16th century. It was initially a colloquial term for a style of footsoldier, Hungarian or Turco-Balkan in inspiration, that was introduced by King Stephen Bathory in the 1570s ...

                                               

Kopia

                                               

Obrona potoczna

Obrona potoczna, variously translated into English as "Permanent Defense", "General Defense", or "Current Defense" was a hired military force in the 15th- and 16th-century Kingdom of Poland and the Polish–Lithuanian union, charged with defending ...

                                               

Poczet

Poczet was the smallest organized unit of soldiers in Kingdom of Poland and Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth from the 15th until the 18th century. The name of a medium or heavy-cavalry soldiers in poczet was pocztowy. In the cavalry, each poczet wa ...

                                               

Polish involvement in the 2003 invasion of Iraq

On March 17, 2003, then Polish President Aleksander Kwasniewski announced that Poland would send about 2.000 troops to the Persian Gulf to take part in the 2003 invasion of Iraq. Polish soldiers had been present in the region since July 2002 and ...

                                               

Rota (formation)

A rota is an infantry or cavalry unit. In Poland it was known increasingly from the 16th century by the alternative name of Choragiew. After about 1630, the term was used to describe a file of 6-10 soldiers in formations especially infantry in th ...

                                               

Volontaires de Saxe

The Volontaires de Saxe were a military unit of cavalry troops recruited by French field marshal Maurice de Saxe. It consisted of dragoons and uhlans. The troops were organised and dressed according to the taste and ideas of the field marshal. A ...

                                               

Warfare in Medieval Poland

In the military history of Poland in the Middle Ages one has to separate three different periods: early, transitional, and late, each demarcated by the reign of particular princes and kings. The early medieval period was enclosed between times of ...

                                               

Wici

Wici was a call to arms in the medieval Poland, known from prehistoric times. It was a specific method to spread a warning that the country is in danger, and that warriors should immediately go to the nearest commandants headquarters, where an ar ...

                                               

Polish Cemetery at Casamassima

The Polish Military Cemetery at Casamassima, was established in Casamassima, near Bari, in southern Italy, where there are about 431 graves of Polish soldiers and officers of the 2nd Polish Corps who died between 1944 and 1945. This small cemeter ...

                                               

Grainville-Langannerie Polish war cemetery

Grainville-Langannerie Polish war cemetery is the only Polish Second World War cemetery in France. It is located 17 km south of Caen, Normandy, and contains 696 Polish war graves. It is one of seven military cemeteries now maintained by the Frenc ...

                                               

Monte Cassino Polish war cemetery

The Polish war cemetery at Monte Cassino holds the graves of 1.072 Poles who died storming the bombed-out Benedictine abbey atop the mountain in May 1944, during the Battle of Monte Cassino. The cemetery is maintained by the Council for the Prote ...

                                               

Polish Navy

The Polish Navy is a military branch of the Polish Armed Forces responsible for naval operations. The Polish Navy consists of 48 ships and about 12.000 commissioned and enlisted personnel. The traditional ship prefix in the Polish Navy is ORP.

                                               

Blotniak

Blotniak is a one-man wet cabin underwater craft designed in Poland in 1978. It was based in the torpedo research centre in Gdynia.

                                               

Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth Navy

The Commonwealth Navy was small and played a relatively minor role in the history of the Commonwealth. Despite having access to the Baltic Sea and temporarily to the Black Sea, neither Poland nor Lithuania had any significant navy until the first ...

                                               

Polish Armed Forces rank insignia

This article presents the military ranks of the entire Polish Armed Forces as well as the rank insignia used today. The system of rank insignia is a direct descendant of various systems used throughout history by the Polish Army. Some of the grad ...

                                               

Admiral floty

Admiral Floty is a second-highest military rank in the Polish Navy, equivalent to General broni. This rank was introduced in 2002 and placed between wiceadmiral Vice Admiral and Admiral Admiral. Before this there were three admirals rank in the P ...

                                               

General

General is the generic Polish language term for the rank of general. In narrow sense it is used to denote the rank of a four-star general introduced on August 15, 2002. It is currently the highest military rank of the Polish Army, with the rank o ...

                                               

General broni

General broni is the second highest Generals grade in the Polish Army, second only to the recently introduced rank of General. Depending on the context, it is equivalent to the modern grade of Lieutenant General or Corps General. The symbols of t ...

                                               

Military ranks of the Polish People's Republic

                                               

Plutonowy

Plutonowy is an NCO rank in the Polish Armed Forces rank insignia system, located between the ranks of Senior Corporal and Sergeant. As one of two OR-4 ranks in the Polish Army, the rank of plutonowy could be considered a Polish equivalent of Cor ...

                                               

Podchorazy

                                               

Podporucznik

Podporucznik is a military rank of the Polish Army, roughly equivalent to the military rank of the Second Lieutenant in the armed forces of the English-speaking countries. It is abbreviated as a title as ppor. ". The rank of Podporucznik is award ...

                                               

Porucznik

Poruchik is an officer rank in the lieutenants rank group in Slavophone armed forces. The correspondent naval rank is Starshy leytenant.

                                               

Porucznik

                                               

Regimentarz

A Regimentarz was a military commander in Poland, since the 16th century, of an army group or a substitute of a Hetman. He was nominated by the King of Poland or the Sejm. In the 17th century a Regimentarz was also the commander of Pospolite rusz ...

                                               

Towarzysz

A Towarzysz, "Companion"; plural: towarzysze) was a junior cavalry officer or knight-officer in the army of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth from the 16th century until the Commonwealths demise in 1794. During the 19th century towarzysz assumed ...

                                               

Self-Defence of Lithuania and Belarus (1918)

Self-Defence of Lithuania and Belarus was a voluntary military formation created during the reconstitution of sovereign Poland towards the end of World War One in the Kresy macroregion. Self-Defence was composed mostly of the Poles from the nasce ...

                                               

Task Force White Eagle

Task Force White Eagle) is a brigade sized detachment of Polish Land Forces in Ghazni Province, Afghanistan. The brigade is under the command of the US 1st Cavalry Division. 30 October 2008 Polish forces taking over responsibility for Ghazni prov ...

                                               

5th Podhale Rifles Infantry Regiment

The 46th Infantry Regiment, later the 5th Podhale Rifles Infantry Regiment was a military unit of the Polish Army active during the Polish-Bolshevist War of 1920. Initially formed in Italy and France as part of Gen. Jozef Hallers Blue Army, it re ...

                                               

17th Infantry Division (Poland)

17 Greater Poland Infantry Division was a unit of the Polish Army in the interbellum period. It was garrisoned in Gniezno and neighboring towns, such as Pleszew and Wrzesnia. The unit was formed on June 9, 1919, as 3rd Division of Greater Poland ...

                                               

39th Infantry Division (Poland)

The Polish 39th Infantry Division was a reserve unit of the Polish Army, which took part in the Polish September Campaign. Commanded by General Bruno Olbrycht, it was part of the Prusy Army and was concentrated in the area of the Holy Cross Mount ...

                                               

44th Infantry Division (Poland)

The Polish 44th Reserve Infantry Division was a reserve unit of the Polish Army, which took part in the Polish September Campaign. Commanded by Colonel Eugeniusz Zongollowicz, it consisted of three reserve infantry regiments: 144th, 145th, and 14 ...

                                               

ORP Bielik (2003)

ORP Bielik, formerly HNoMS Svenner, is one of four Kobben -class submarines in service with the Polish Navy. The vessel and its sister ships were built in the period 1964–1967 by Rheinstahl Nordseewerke GmbH in Emden, West Germany for the Royal N ...

                                               

FB P-83 Wanad

The P-83 Wanad is a single-action and double-action Polish semi-automatic pistol, chambered for the 9×18mm Makarov cartridge and designed by Ryszard Chelmicki and Marian Gryszkiewicz of the state research institute Osrodek Badawczo-Rozwojowy in R ...

                                               

4th Cavalry Brigade (Poland)

The IV Cavalry Brigade was a unit of the Polish Army during the Polish-Bolshevik War and later in the inter-war period. It was commanded by major Feliks Jaworski and then by colonel Adam Nieniewski. During the Battle of Warsaw it fought in the ra ...

                                               

Karabela

A karabela was a type of Polish sabre popular in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Wojciech Zablocki defines "karabela" as a decorated sabre with the handle stylized as the head of a bird and an open crossguard. The word "karabela" does not hav ...

                                               

KIS (weapon)

KIS was the name of a Polish submachine gun from the time of the Second World War. It was designed and manufactured by engineers in Jan Piwniks "Ponury" guerrilla unit that was operating in Holy Cross Mountains region. The weapon was patterned af ...

                                               

Kosciuszkos Squadron

In order to encourage recruitment, the Polish military set up a unit called the Polish-American Air Group. It was hoped they could get enough pilots to have two groups The Pulaski Squadron and Kosciuszkos Squadron.

                                               

Long Range Reconnaissance Escadrille

Long Range Reconnaissance Escadrille was a unit of the Naval Air Squadron at the beginning of world war 2.

                                               

Military districts of Poland

Military districts of Poland were created in the aftermath of World War I, at a time when Poland regained its independence. Initially, right after the First World War, Polish Land Forces had five military districts. 1918–1921: Warsaw Military Dis ...

                                               

Naval Air Squadron (Poland)

Naval Air Squadron was a unit of the Polish Air Force between the two World Wars. The unit was formed in 1920 in Puck. In 1939, it was composed of the Long Range Reconnaissance Escadrille and the Short Range Reconnaissance Escadrille Puck air bas ...

                                               

ORP Orzel (1962)

ORP Orzel a Polish Navy submarine of the Project 613. She was built in the Soviet Union as S-265 and was commissioned by the Polish Navy in 1962. She served under the pennant number 292 and was decommissioned in 1983. In 1968, during Warsaw Pact ...

                                               

Pallad grenade launcher

The Pallad is a 40 mm Polish underslung grenade launcher, developed for use with the AKM assault-rifle and intended to replace the kbkg wz. 1960 grenade-launcher rifle. The name of the weapon reflects the Polish-language word for palladium. The d ...

                                               

Piechota wybraniecka

Piechota wybraniecka also known as piechota lanowa was a type of an infantry formation in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. Formed in 1578. Consisted of "royal" peasants from not charged and revendicated royal lands. Difficulties in recruitment ...

                                               

RGA-86

The RGA-86 is a Polish 26 mm revolver flaregun, developed between 1983 and 1986 at the Wojskowa Akademia Techniczna state research institute by a team consisting of: S. Ciepielski, M. Czeladzki, S. Derecki, H. Glowicki, W. Koperski, J. Pawlowski ...

                                               

Riverine Air Squadron (Poland)

Riverine Air Escadrille was a unit of the Polish Air Force between the wars. The unit was formed in 1920 as the Riverine Air Platoon and was based at Pinsk. The main aircraft operated were 3 Schreck FBA-17HMT2 amphibians. In 1934 the unit was ren ...

                                               

Short Range Reconnaissance Escadrille

Short Range Reconnaissance Escadrille was a unit of the Polish Naval Air Squadron at the beginning of world war 2.

                                               

ORP Sokol (2002)

ORP Sokol, formerly HNoMS Stord, is one of four Kobben -class submarines of the Polish Navy. The vessel was built by Rheinstahl Nordseewerke GmbH in Emden, Germany for the Royal Norwegian Navy as HNoMS Stord. The vessel served with the Royal Norw ...

                                               

ORP Warszawa (1970)

ORP Warszawa was a Kotlin-class destroyer. Built in Leningrad in the 1950s, she was originally named Spravedlivyy in the Soviet Navy. She was later transferred to the Polish navy in 1970, the only ship of this class to be so transferred. She serv ...

Encyclopedic dictionary

Translation
Free and no ads
no need to download or install

Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

online intellectual game →