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List of law enforcement agencies in Washington

This is a list of law enforcement agencies in the US state of Washington. According to the US Bureau of Justice Statistics 2008 Census of State and Local Law Enforcement Agencies, the state had 260 law enforcement agencies employing 11.411 sworn ...

                                               

List of law enforcement agencies in West Virginia

This is a list of law enforcement agencies in the state of West Virginia. According to the US Bureau of Justice Statistics 2008 Census of State and Local Law Enforcement Agencies, the state had 233 law enforcement agencies employing 3.382 sworn p ...

                                               

List of law enforcement agencies in Wisconsin

This is a list of law enforcement agencies in the state of Wisconsin. According to the US Bureau of Justice Statistics 2008 Census of State and Local Law Enforcement Agencies, the state had 529 law enforcement agencies employing 13.730 sworn poli ...

                                               

List of law enforcement agencies in Wyoming

This is a list of law enforcement agencies in the state of Wyoming. According to the US Bureau of Justice Statistics 2008 Census of State and Local Law Enforcement Agencies, the state had 90 law enforcement agencies employing 1.691 sworn police o ...

                                               

Canadian administrative law

Canadian administrative law is the body of law that addresses the actions and operations of governments and governmental agencies in Canada. That is, the law concerns the manner in which courts can review the decisions of administrative decision- ...

                                               

Ministerial discretion (Canadian law)

The idea of ministerial discretion, when employed in Canadian statute law, means the power of a Crown minister to vary or alter the decisions of his bureaucrats, one of his Committees, or one of his Boards. The idea derives from the laws of the U ...

                                               

Administrative law in Singapore

Administrative law in Singapore is a branch of public law that is concerned with the control of governmental powers as exercised through its various administrative agencies. Administrative law requires administrators – ministers, civil servants a ...

                                               

Fettering of discretion in Singapore administrative law

Fettering of discretion by a public authority is one of the grounds of judicial review in Singapore administrative law. It is regarded as a form of illegality. An applicant may challenge a decision by an authority on the basis that it has either ...

                                               

Illegality in Singapore administrative law

Illegality is one of the three broad headings of judicial review of administrative action in Singapore, the others being irrationality and procedural impropriety. To avoid acting illegally, an administrative body or public authority must correctl ...

                                               

Legitimate expectation in Singapore law

The doctrine of legitimate expectation in Singapore protects both procedural and substantive rights. In administrative law, a legitimate expectation generally arises when there has been a representation of a certain outcome by the public authorit ...

                                               

Precedent fact errors in Singapore law

Errors as to precedent facts, sometimes called jurisdictional facts, in Singapore administrative law are errors committed by public authorities concerning facts that must objectively exist or not exist before the authorities have the power to tak ...

                                               

Procedural impropriety in Singapore administrative law

Procedural impropriety in Singapore administrative law is one of the three broad categories of judicial review, the other two being illegality and irrationality. A public authority commits procedural impropriety if it fails to properly observe ei ...

                                               

Relevant and irrelevant considerations in Singapore administrative law

The failure of a public authority to take into account relevant considerations and the taking of irrelevant ones into account are grounds of judicial review in Singapore administrative law. They are regarded as forms of illegality. If, in the exe ...

                                               

Threshold issues in Singapore administrative law

Threshold issues are legal requirements in Singapore administrative law that must be satisfied by applicants before their claims for judicial review of acts or decisions of public authorities can be dealt with by the High Court. These include sho ...

                                               

Wednesbury unreasonableness in Singapore law

Wednesbury unreasonableness is a ground of judicial review in Singapore administrative law. A governmental decision that is Wednesbury -unreasonable may be quashed by the High Court. This type of unreasonableness of public body decisions was laid ...

                                               

Byelaws in the United Kingdom

In the United Kingdom, byelaws are laws of local or limited application made by local councils or other bodies, using powers granted by an Act of Parliament, and so are a form of delegated legislation. Some byelaws are made by private companies o ...

                                               

English Local Government

English Local Government Volumes I–X is a series of books by Sidney Webb and Beatrice Webb concerning UK constitutional and UK administrative law, relating to public services and local councils.

                                               

Statutory instrument (UK)

A statutory instrument is the principal form in which delegated legislation is made in Great Britain. Statutory instruments are governed by the Statutory Instruments Act 1946. They replaced statutory rules and orders, made under the Rules Publica ...

                                               

Statutory rules and orders

Statutory rules and orders were the means by which delegated legislation used to be made in the United Kingdom between 1893 and 1974 and in the Irish Free State until 1947. Statutory rules and orders began with the Rules Publication Act 1893. Pri ...

                                               

Statutory rules of Northern Ireland

The statutory rules of Northern Ireland are the principal form in which delegated legislation is made in Northern Ireland. Statutory rules are made under the Statutory Rules Northern Ireland Order 1979. They replaced statutory rules and orders ma ...

                                               

Ahani v Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration)

Ahani v Canada 1 S.C.R. 3. Both cases deal with the procedure for removal of Convention refugees for reasons of national security under the Immigration Act, R.S.C. 1985, and address questions of procedural fairness.

                                               

Canada (AG) v Mossop

Canada v Mossop, 1 SCR 554 was the first decision of the Supreme Court of Canada to consider equality rights for gays. The case is also significant as one of Justice LHeureux-Dubes most famous dissents where she proposes an evolving model of the ...

                                               

Canada (Director of Investigation and Research) v Southam Inc

Canada v Southam Inc, 1 S.C.R. 748 is a leading decision of the Supreme Court of Canada on judicial review. In this case the Court first set out the standard of review of "reasonableness simpliciter ", which directs the court to only review decis ...

                                               

Crevier v Quebec (AG)

Crevier v Quebec, 2 S.C.R. 220 is a leading Supreme Court of Canada decision in administrative law. The court had to decide whether a Quebec-created Professionals Tribunal was unconstitutional due to being a "s. 96 court" according to the Constit ...

                                               

Dore v Barreau du Quebec

Dore v Barreau du Quebec is an administrative law decision by the Supreme Court of Canada regarding how to apply the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms to adjudicative decisions, as opposed to statutory law. The Court found that the test in ...

                                               

Dr Q v College of Physicians and Surgeons of British Columbia

Dr Q v College of Physicians and Surgeons of British Columbia, 2003 SCC 19, 1 S.C.R. 226 is a leading decision of the Supreme Court of Canada in Canadian administrative law.

                                               

Law Society of New Brunswick v Ryan

Law Society of New Brunswick v Ryan, 2003 SCC 20 is a leading decision of the Supreme Court of Canada on judicial review for professional disciplinary bodies in Canadian administrative law. The Court determined that decisions of professional disc ...

                                               

Newfoundland Telephone Co v Newfoundland (Board of Commissioners of Public Utilities)

Newfoundland Telephone Co v Newfoundland, 1 SCR 623 is a Canadian administrative law case decided by the Supreme Court of Canada concerning the reasonable apprehension of bias. The Court held that the standard of bias may vary depending on the fu ...

                                               

Toronto (City) Board of Education v Ontario Secondary School Teachers Federation, District 15

Toronto Board of Education v Ontario Secondary School Teachers Federation, District 15, 1 S.C.R. 487 is a leading decision of the Supreme Court of Canada on judicial review of administrative decisions. The Court held that the review of a just cau ...

                                               

Sheriff of Nottinghamshire, Derbyshire and the Royal Forests

The Sheriff of Nottinghamshire, Derbyshire and the Royal Forests is a position established by the Normans in England. The sheriff is the oldest secular office under the Crown. Formerly the sheriff was the principal law enforcement officer in the ...

                                               

Direction centrale des renseignements generaux

The Direction Centrale des Renseignements Generaux, often called Renseignements Generaux, was the intelligence service of the French police, answerable to the Direction Generale de la Police Nationale, and, ultimately, the Ministry of the Interio ...

                                               

Direction de la surveillance du territoire

The Direction de la Surveillance du Territoire was a directorate of the French National Police operating as a domestic intelligence agency. It was responsible for counterespionage, counterterrorism and more generally the security of France agains ...

                                               

Secret du Roi

For a period of over twenty years, King Louis XV split his diplomacy into official and secret channels. The secret channels became collectively known as the Kings Secret, established in 1722. It actually outlived its creator and some of its agent ...

                                               

National Intelligence Service (South Africa)

The National Intelligence Service is a defunct intelligence agency of the Republic of South Africa that replaced the older Bureau of State Security in 1980. Associated with the Apartheid era in South Africa, it was replaced on 1 January 1995 by t ...

                                               

Nakano School

The Nakano School was the primary training center for military intelligence operations by the Imperial Japanese Army during World War II.

                                               

Urzad Ochrony Panstwa

Urzad Ochrony Panstwa or UOP was the intelligence agency of Poland from 1990 to 2002, when it was split into two new agencies.

                                               

T-kontoret

T-kontoret was a Swedish intelligence agency active between 1946 and 1965. It was the successor to the C-byrån and predecessor to IB. T-kontoret was headed by Thede Palm.

                                               

Arab Bureau

The Arab Bureau was a section of the Cairo Intelligence Department established in 1916 during the First World War, and closed in 1920, whose purpose was the collection and dissemination of propaganda and intelligence about the Arab regions of the ...

                                               

Eastern Committee

The Eastern Committee was an interdepartmental committee of the War Cabinet of the British Government, created towards the end of World War I. Its function was to formulate a coherent Middle East policy, resolving conflicting visions of involved ...

                                               

MI2

MI2, the British Military Intelligence Section 2, was a department of the British Directorate of Military Intelligence, part of the War Office. It was originally set up to handle geographic information. MI2a handled the Americas, Spain, Portugal, ...

                                               

MI7

MI7 was a branch of the British War Office’s Directorate of Military Intelligence with responsibilities for press liaison and propaganda. The branch was originally established in the First World War and disbanded after the signing of the Armistic ...

                                               

MI9

MI9, the British Directorate of Military Intelligence Section 9, was a department of the War Office between 1939 and 1945. During World War II it was tasked with supporting available European Resistance networks and making use of them to assist A ...

                                               

MI14

MI14, or British Military Intelligence, Section 14 was a department of the British Directorate of Military Intelligence. It was an intelligence agency of the War Office, which specialised in intelligence about Germany. Originally part of MI3, dur ...

                                               

Secret Intelligence Australia

Secret Intelligence Australia was a British World War II intelligence unit commanded by Captain Roy Kendall who reported directly to MI6 in London. SIA was known as Section B of the Allied Intelligence Bureau but was not accountable in any way to ...

                                               

United States Army Foreign Science and Technology Center

The United States Army Foreign Science and Technology Center was an intelligence production agency located, for much of its existence, in Charlottesville, Virginia. The organization and early history of FSTC is outlined in an official history. In ...

                                               

US Army Medical Information and Intelligence Agency

The US Army Medical Information and Intelligence Agency was small special-purpose intelligence agency assigned to the Surgeon General, US Army. It was officially organized at Walter Reed Army Medical Center by WRAMC GO 62, 1956. It was created by ...

                                               

Adams Street and Boerum Place Line

The Adams Street and Boerum Place Line was a public transit line in Downtown Brooklyn, New York City, United States, running along Boerum Place and Adams Street. It served as access for the Atlantic Avenue Railroad to the City Hall area.

                                               

Atlanta and Edgewood Street Railroad

The Atlanta & Edgewood Street Railroad Company of Atlanta, Georgia was organized in 1886 by Joel Hurt, C. W. Hubner, H. E. W. Palmer, W. P. Inman, Peter Lynch, R. C. Mitchell, Asa Griggs Candler, J. P. McDonald, J. G. Reynolds, A. F. Moreland, an ...

                                               

Atlanta Consolidated Street Railway

The Atlanta Consolidated Street Railway was an attempt by Joel Hurt to take over the various Atlanta streetcar systems. Incorporated in May 1891, Hurt began negotiations to consolidate widely overlapping competing companies. On September 21, 1891 ...

                                               

Atlanta Street Railway

The Atlanta Street Railway was the first streetcar system in Atlanta. Originally chartered by the state of Georgia on February 23, 1866 by George Hillyer, Dr. John Westmoreland and John Thrasher soon after the city put such onerous demands on the ...

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Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

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