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Indian Railway Service

                                               

Indian Civil Service (British India)

The Indian Civil Service, for part of the 19th century officially known as the Imperial Civil Service, is the elite higher civil service of the British Empire in British India during British rule in the period between 1858 and 1947. Its members r ...

                                               

Aitchison Commission

The Aitchison Commission was set up in 1886 under the chairmanship of Sir Charles Umpherston Aitchison to come up with a scheme for fulfilling the claims of Indians to higher and more extensive employment in public service. It made the following ...

                                               

Imperial Secretariat Service

The Imperial Secretariat Service was a civil service of the British Empire in British India during British rule in the period between 1919 and 1945. The members served in the 5 central departments and then later expanded to 10 central departments ...

                                               

NSS Academy of Civil Services

NSS Academy of Civil Services is a civil service academy in Kesavadasapuram, Kerala, India established in July 2012 by Nair Service Society. NACS provide training and infrastructure facilities to the civil service students. NSS appointed former I ...

                                               

T. Swaminathan

Thirumalraya Swaminathan was cabinet secretary of India during 1 December 1970 to 2 November 1972. He was a member of Indian Civil Service. Swaminathan, served as Chief Election Commissioner of India, from 7 February 1973 to 17 June 1977.

                                               

M.T. Usman

Mohammed Tukur Usman was a Nigerian government official who was permanent secretary of the Federal Ministry of Works during the Murtala Mohamed and Obasanjo administration from 1975 to 1979. He was a cousin of the Yaraduas.

                                               

Deputy Commissioner (Pakistan)

Deputy Commissioner or District Magistrate is a chief administrative, revenue officer and representative of government in district or an administrative sub-unit of a division. He belongs to the commission of Pakistan Administrative Service. They ...

                                               

Tariq Bajwa

Tariq Bajwa is a retired Pakistani civil servant who served in BPS-22 grade as the Finance Secretary and Economic Affairs Secretary of Pakistan. Bajwa also served as the 19th Governor of the State Bank of Pakistan and the 20th Chairman of the Fed ...

                                               

Finance Secretary of Pakistan

The Finance Secretary of Pakistan is the Federal Secretary for the Finance Division of the Ministry of Finance. The Finance Secretary is one of the most powerful bureaucrats in the country. Being the boss of the Finance Division, the Secretary pl ...

                                               

National School of Public Policy

The National School of Public Policy is the premier institution for training and capacity building of senior ranking civil servants in Pakistan. All civil servants which are to be considered for promotion to BPS-21 grade by the Central Selection ...

                                               

List of Sri Lankan non-career Permanent Secretaries

This is a list of Sri Lankan non-career Permanent Secretaries ; they are from different professions. The list includes doctors, engineers, journalists, professional politicians, university lecturers, lawyers, journalists, defence officers, and pe ...

                                               

Permanent Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs

This is a list of Permanent Under-Secretaries in the British Foreign and Commonwealth Office since 1790. Not to be confused with Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs.

                                               

Legal Adviser to the Foreign and Commonwealth Office

The Legal Adviser to the Foreign and Commonwealth Office is the chief legal adviser and the head of the Legal Directorate of the Foreign and Commonwealth Office. The current Legal Adviser is Sir Iain Macleod.

                                               

Legal Adviser to the Home Office

The Legal Adviser to the Home Office is a senior government lawyer and the chief legal adviser to the Home Office. The office was formally established in 1933, but older offices with similar functions date back to the early nineteenth century.

                                               

Permanent Secretary of the Admiralty

                                               

Permanent Secretary of the Admiralty

The office of Permanent Secretary to the Admiralty was the senior civil servant at the Admiralty, of Great Britain the department of state responsible for the administration of the Royal Navy. He was head of the Admiralty Secretariat later known ...

                                               

Permanent Secretary to the Lord Chancellors Office

The Permanent Secretary to the Lord Chancellors Department was the most senior civil servant in the Lord Chancellors Department and a senior member of Her Majestys Civil Service. Officially titled Her Majestys Permanent Under-Secretary of State t ...

                                               

Permanent Under-Secretary of State for Defence

                                               

Permanent Under-Secretary of State for India

                                               

Permanent Under-Secretary of State for Scotland

This is a list of Permanent Under-Secretaries for Scotland in HM Civil Service. It should not be confused with the Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Scotland.

                                               

Permanent Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies

                                               

Permanent Under-Secretary of State for War

                                               

Parliamentary and Financial Secretary to the Admiralty

The Parliamentary and Financial Secretary to the Admiralty also known as the Parliamentary and Financial Secretary to the Board of Admiralty was a position on the Board of Admiralty and civil officer of the British Royal Navy. It was usually fill ...

                                               

Common Service Centres

Common Service Centres are physical facilities for delivering Government of India e-Services to rural and remote locations where availability of computers and Internet was negligible or mostly absent. They are multiple-services-single-point model ...

                                               

Digital India Land Record Modernization Programme

The Digital India Land Record Modernization Programme, previously known as the National Land Record Modernization Programme, was launched in 2008 by the Government of India with the purpose to digitize and modernize land records and develop a cen ...

                                               

Social Endeavor for Health and Telemedicine

Social Endeavor for Health and Telemedicine is a telemedicine health initiative in India launched on 25 August 2015 by Ravi Shankar Prasad, Minister of Communications and Information Technology and Minister of Law and Justice, Govt. of India in t ...

                                               

Bonino List

The Bonino List was a libertarian electoral list active in Italy from 1999 to 2004. Named after Emma Bonino, a leading Radical who had been European Commissioner in 1995–1999, after the unsuccessful "Emma for President" campaign, the list was the ...

                                               

Lega Nord Marche

Lega Nord Marche is a regionalist political party in Italy which is the "national" section of Lega Nord in the Marche region. The party has long been led by Luca Rodolfo Paolini, who has served in the Chamber of Deputies from 2008 to 2013 and aga ...

                                               

Lega Nord Umbria

Lega Nord Umbria is a regionalist political party in Italy which also functions as the Umbrian national section of Lega Nord. Since 2018 the party has been led by Virginio Caparvi as secretary, while Valerio Mancini serves as the partys president ...

                                               

Pannella List

The Pannella List is a liberal and libertarian association, which was also the electoral list of the Italian Radicals between 1992 and 1999, when it was replaced by the Bonino List. Its standard-bearer was Marco Pannella who died in 2016, who had ...

                                               

Aeronautics Reference

Canada v Ontario, also known as In re the Regulation and Control of Aeronautics in Canada and the Aeronautics Reference, is a decision of the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council on the interpretation of the Canadian Constitution. Lord Sankey ...

                                               

Amax Potash Ltd v Saskatchewan

Amax Potash Ltd v Saskatchewan 2 S.C.R. 576 is a leading case of the Supreme Court of Canada on the application and role of the Constitution of Canada.

                                               

Board of Commerce case

Re Board of Commerce Act 1919 and the Combines and Fair Prices Act 1919, commonly known as the Board of Commerce case, is a Canadian constitutional decision of the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council in which the "emergency doctrine" under th ...

                                               

Caloil Inc v Canada (AG)

Caloil Inc v Canada is a leading constitutional decision of the Supreme Court of Canada on the Trade and Commerce power under section 91 of the Constitution Act, 1867. The Court upheld a federal law prohibiting the transport or sale of imported o ...

                                               

Canada (AG) v Montreal (City of)

Canada v Montreal, 2 S.C.R. 770 is a constitutional decision of the Supreme Court of Canada. The Court upheld a municipal law that regulated the traffic by repressing disorderly conduct during public parades under the provincial constitutional au ...

                                               

Canada (AG) v PHS Community Services Society

Canada v PHS Community Services Society 2011 SCC 44, 3 SCR 134 is a leading Supreme Court of Canada case dealing with the application of the criminal law and healthcare heads of power found in section 91 and section 92 of the Constitution Act, 18 ...

                                               

Citizens Insurance Co of Canada v Parsons

Citizens Insurance Co of Canada v Parsons is a major Canadian constitutional case decided by the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council. It interpreted the property and civil rights clause of section 92 in the Constitution Act, 1867 to be read e ...

                                               

Reference re Firearms Act

Reference Re Firearms Act is a leading constitutional decision of the Supreme Court of Canada on the division of powers regarding firearms legislation and the Canadian Firearms Registry. A unanimous Court held that the federal Firearms Act was co ...

                                               

Law Society of British Columbia v Mangat

Law Society of British Columbia v Mangat, 3 S.C.R. 113 is a leading Supreme Court of Canada decision where the Court held that a non-lawyer may be given the power to practice law under a federal statute even if it is contrary to a provincial lega ...

                                               

MacDonald v Vapor Canada Ltd

MacDonald v Vapor Canada Ltd, 2 S.C.R. 134 is a leading constitutional decision of the Supreme Court of Canada on the Trade and Commerce power under section 91 of the Constitution Act, 1867.

                                               

Margarine Reference

Reference Re Validity of Section 5 of the Dairy Industry Act, also known as the Margarine Reference or as Canadian Federation of Agriculture v Quebec, is a leading ruling of the Supreme Court of Canada, upheld on appeal to the Judicial Committee ...

                                               

Marine Services International Ltd v Ryan Estate

Marine Services International Ltd v Ryan Estate 2013 SCC 44 is a leading case of the Supreme Court of Canada concerning the coexistence of Canadian maritime law with provincial jurisdiction over property and civil rights, and it marks a further r ...

                                               

Multiple Access Ltd v McCutcheon

Multiple Access Ltd v McCutcheon is a leading constitutional decision of the Supreme Court of Canada on the resolution of overlapping federal and provincial laws under the doctrine of double aspect.

                                               

NIL/TU,O Child and Family Services Society v BC Government and Service Employees Union

NIL/TU,O Child and Family Services Society v BC Government and Service Employees Union is a leading Supreme Court of Canada constitutional law case dealing with jurisdiction over labour relations in the context of federalism and Aboriginal rights.

                                               

OGrady v Sparling

OGrady v Sparling was a landmark Supreme Court of Canada decision on the constitutionality of overlapping federal and provincial laws. The Court held that there was no conflict between federal dangerous driving offences, which only prohibited "ad ...

                                               

Proprietary Articles Trade Association v Canada (AG)

Proprietary Articles Trade Association v Canada, is a famous Canadian constitutional decision of the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council on the Constitutions criminal law power under section 91.

                                               

Quebec (AG) v Canadian Owners and Pilots Assn

Quebec v Canadian Owners and Pilots Assn, 2010 SCC 39, 2 SCR 536, also referred to as Quebec v. COPA, is a leading case of the Supreme Court of Canada on determining the applicability of the doctrines of interjurisdictional immunity and federal p ...

                                               

Quebec (AG) v Lacombe

Quebec v Lacombe, 2010 SCC 38, 2 SCR 453, is a decision of the Supreme Court of Canada on the nature of the ancillary powers that arise from the doctrine of pith and substance in Canadian constitutional law.

                                               

R v Comeau

R v Comeau 2018 SCC 15 is a leading and controversial case of the Supreme Court of Canada concerning the scope of free trade between the provinces of Canada under s. 121 of the Constitution Act, 1867.

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Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

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